In 2020, in the face of the severe and complex domestic and international environment, especially the severe impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, all regions and departments will adhere to the general keynote of the work of seeking progress while stability, and coordinate the prevention and control of the epidemic and the economic and social development. Do a good job in the "six stability" work, fully implement the "six guarantees" tasks, stable economic recovery, employment and people's livelihood protection is strong, and the completion of the main objectives and tasks of economic and social development is better than expected.
According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, from January to November 2020, the industrial added value of textile enterprises above designated size decreased by 3.1% year-on-year, operating income decreased by 9.7% year-on-year, total profit decreased by 8.6% year-on-year, and fixed asset investment completed decreased by about 18% year-on-year . Among the main categories of products, only non-woven products increased significantly, with a year-on-year increase of 14.4% from January to November; the output of chemical fiber realized a slight positive growth after entering the fourth quarter, and the output of other products decreased compared with the same period last year.
From January to November, the growth rate of industrial added value of enterprises above designated size rebounded by 13.4, 3.6, and 1.5 percentage points from the first quarter, first half of this year and the first three quarters of this year. The planned sales profit rate of enterprises from January to November was 4.3%. At the end of February, the level of 2.2% improved significantly, which was also an increase of 0.1 percentage point from the same period last year.
Driven by epidemic prevention materials, the industrial textile industry continued to perform well. From January to November, the industrial added value increased by 56.4% year-on-year, and the total profit increased by 218.6% year-on-year. The scale of production and profitability of the home textile industry has exceeded the level of the same period of the previous year. The industrial added value and total profit from January to November increased by 0.3% and 21.7% year-on-year respectively.
2. The service industry is gradually recovering, and the modern service industry is growing well
The national service industry production index for the whole year remained the same as the previous year. The value added of the information transmission, software and information technology service industries and the financial industry increased by 16.9% and 7.0% respectively, which were faster than the tertiary industry by 14.8% and 4.9% respectively. In the fourth quarter, the service industry production index increased by 7.7% year-on-year, which was 3.4% faster than the third quarter. In December, the service industry production index increased by 7.7% year-on-year. From January to November, the operating income of service industry enterprises above designated size increased by 1.6% year-on-year. Among them, the operating income of information transmission, software and information technology services, scientific research and technical services increased by 13.5% and 9.9%, respectively, and the growth rate was faster than The service industry above designated size was 11.9 and 8.3 percentage points.
In December, the business activity index of the service industry was 54.8%, which was in a relatively high economic range. Among them, the business activity index of industries such as air transportation, telecommunications, broadcasting and television satellite transmission services, currency and financial services, and capital market services continues to stay in the high range of more than 60.0%. In terms of market expectations, the service industry business activity expectations index is 60.1%, which has been in the high boom range for six consecutive months.
3. Market sales resumed relatively quickly, and the sales growth of consumer upgraded products accelerated
The total retail sales of consumer goods for the year were 391981 trillion yuan, a decrease of 3.9% over the previous year. Among them, the retail sales of consumer goods of units above designated size was 14,332.3 billion yuan, a decrease of 1.9%. According to the location of the business unit, the retail sales of consumer goods in urban areas was 3,399.1 trillion yuan, down 4.0%; the retail sales of consumer goods in rural areas was 5,286.2 billion yuan, down 3.2%. In terms of consumption types, catering revenue was 3,952.7 billion yuan, a decrease of 16.6%; retail sales of goods 3,545.3 billion, a decrease of 2.3%. The sales growth of consumer upgrading products accelerated. In the fourth quarter, the retail sales of communications equipment, cosmetics, gold, silver and jewelry products of units above designated size increased by 26.0%, 21.2%, and 17.3% year-on-year, respectively, 16.0, 7.1, and 5.0 faster than the third quarter. Percentage points. In the fourth quarter, the total retail sales of consumer goods increased by 4.6% year-on-year, which was 3.7% faster than the third quarter. In December, the total retail sales of consumer goods increased by 4.6% year-on-year and 1.24% month-on-month. In the whole year, the national online retail sales reached 11,760.1 billion yuan, an increase of 10.9% over the previous year. Among them, the online retail sales of physical goods was 975.9 billion yuan, an increase of 14.8%, accounting for 24.9% of the total retail sales of consumer goods, an increase of 4.2 percentage points over the previous year.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the year-on-year decline in retail sales of clothing, shoes, hats, needles and textiles of units above designated size gradually narrowed from more than 30% at the beginning of the year to 7.9% from January to November. After August, retail sales for a single month have maintained positive growth. From January to November, the retail scale of online clothing products nationwide increased by 5.9% year-on-year.
4. Investment in fixed assets has rebounded steadily, and investment in high-tech industries and social fields has grown rapidly
The national investment in fixed assets (excluding rural households) for the whole year was 5,18907 trillion yuan, an increase of 2.9% over the previous year. In terms of sectors, investment in infrastructure increased by 0.9%, investment in manufacturing fell by 2.2%, and investment in real estate development increased by 7.0%. The sales area of commercial housing nationwide was 1,760.8 million square meters, an increase of 2.6%; the sales of commercial housing was 17,361.3 billion yuan, an increase of 8.7%. The growth rate of investment in the three industries has all turned positive, with investment in the primary industry increasing by 19.5%, investment in the secondary industry by 0.1%, and investment in the tertiary industry by 3.6%. Private investment was 2,8926.4 billion yuan, an increase of 1.0%. Investment in high-tech industries increased by 10.6%, which was 7.7% faster than total investment. Among them, investment in high-tech manufacturing and high-tech service industries increased by 11.5% and 9.1% respectively. In the high-tech manufacturing industry, the investment in the pharmaceutical manufacturing, computer and office equipment manufacturing industries increased by 28.4% and 22.4% respectively; in the high-tech service industry, the investment in the e-commerce service industry and the information service industry increased by 20.2% and 15.2% respectively. The investment in the social sector increased by 11.9%, 9.0% faster than the total investment, of which investment in health and education increased by 29.9% and 12.3% respectively. In December, fixed asset investment increased by 2.32% month-on-month.
5. Foreign trade has achieved positive growth and the trade structure has continued to be optimized
The total import and export volume of goods for the year was 32155.7 billion yuan, an increase of 1.9% over the previous year. Among them, exports amounted to 17.9326 billion yuan, an increase of 4.0%; imports amounted to 14,233.1 billion yuan, a decrease of 0.7%. The trade balance was 3709.6 billion yuan in surplus. The export of mechanical and electrical products increased by 6%, accounting for 59.4% of the total export value, an increase of 1.1% over the previous year. General trade imports and exports accounted for 59.9% of total imports and exports, an increase of 0.9% over the previous year. The import and export of private enterprises increased by 11.1%, accounting for 46.6% of the total import and export, an increase of 3.9% over the previous year. In December, the total value of imports and exports of goods was 3.25 trillion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 5.9%. Among them, exports were 1,858.7 billion yuan, an increase of 10.9%; imports were 1,341.9 billion yuan, a decrease of 0.2%. The trade balance was 516.8 billion yuan.
According to customs statistics, my country's total textile and apparel exports reached US$291.22 billion in 2020, a year-on-year increase of 9.6%. The export scale is close to the industry's record high level set in 2014. Among them, anti-epidemic materials such as masks and protective clothing have a prominent role in pulling exports, accounting for about 25% of the industry’s total exports. This has changed the export structure of the textile industry. For the first time, textile exports surpassed clothing and accounted for 52.8 of total exports. %. The apparel export situation was relatively severe in the first half of the year, but in the second half of the year, with the restart of the overseas economy, the perfection of my country's textile industry system and the stability of the supply chain showed its advantages. The export of apparel gradually improved, and the decline in export value had narrowed to 6.4% by the end of the year , Since August, the monthly export value has achieved positive growth.
6. The growth rate of consumer prices has fallen, and the prices of industrial producers have fallen
The consumer price rose by 2.5% throughout the year, which was lower than the 2.9% increase in the previous year and also lower than the expected annual target of about 3.5%. Among them, cities rose by 2.3% and rural areas rose by 3.0%. In terms of categories, food, tobacco and alcohol prices rose by 8.3%, clothing fell by 0.2%, housing fell by 0.4%, daily necessities and services remained the same, transportation and communications fell by 3.5%, education, culture and entertainment rose by 1.3%, health care rose by 1.8%, and others Supplies and services rose 4.3%. Among food, tobacco and alcohol prices, grain prices rose by 1.2%, fresh vegetables prices rose by 7.1%, and pork prices rose by 49.7%. The core CPI, excluding food and energy prices, rose 0.8%. In December, consumer prices rose by 0.2% year-on-year and 0.7% month-on-month. The factory price of industrial producers for the whole year fell 1.8% from the previous year. In December, it fell 0.4% year-on-year and rose 1.1% month-on-month. The purchasing prices of industrial producers for the whole year fell by 2.3% compared with the previous year. In December, they were flat year-on-year and rose by 1.5% month-on-month.
7. The employment situation is generally stable, and the surveyed unemployment rate in urban areas has dropped to the level of the previous year
In the whole year, 11.86 million new jobs were created in urban areas, which was significantly higher than the expected target of more than 9 million people, and 131.8% of the annual target was completed. In December, the nationwide surveyed unemployment rate in urban areas was 5.2%, which was the same as the same period last year; among them, the 25-59 year old population survey unemployment rate was 4.7%, which was the same as the same period last year. The average urban surveyed unemployment rate in 2020 is 5.6%, which is lower than the expected target of around 6%. In December, the surveyed unemployment rate in 31 major cities and towns was 5.1%. At the end of 2020, the urban registered unemployment rate was 4.24%, which was lower than the expected target of around 5.5%. The total number of migrant workers in the year was 285.6 million, a decrease of 5.17 million or 1.8% from the previous year. Among them, there were 116.01 million local migrant workers, a decrease of 0.4%; 169.59 million migrant workers, a decrease of 2.7%. The average monthly income of migrant workers was 4,072 yuan, an increase of 2.8% over the previous year.
8. Resident income growth is basically synchronized with economic growth, and the ratio of urban and rural residents' per capita income continues to shrink
The national per capita disposable income for the whole year was 32,189 yuan, a nominal increase of 4.7% over the previous year, and a real increase of 2.1% after deducting price factors, basically in line with economic growth. By permanent residence, the per capita disposable income of urban residents was 43,834 yuan, a nominal increase of 3.5% over the previous year, and a real increase of 1.2% after deducting price factors; the per capita disposable income of rural residents was 17,131 yuan, a nominal increase of 6.9% over the previous year, after deducting price factors The actual increase was 3.8%. The ratio of per capita income of urban and rural residents was 2.56, a decrease of 0.08 from the previous year. The national median per capita disposable income of residents was 27,540 yuan, a nominal increase of 3.8% over the previous year. Grouped according to the quintuple income of national residents, the per capita disposable income of the low-income group is 7,869 yuan, the per capita disposable income of the lower-middle income group is 16,443 yuan, the per capita disposable income of the middle-income group is 26249 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of the upper-middle income group is RMB 26,249. 41,172 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of the high-income group is 80,294 yuan.
The national per capita consumption expenditure for the whole year was 21,210 yuan, a nominal decrease of 1.6% over the previous year, and an actual drop of 4.0% after deducting price factors. In terms of permanent residence, the per capita consumption expenditure of urban residents was 27,007 yuan, a nominal decrease of 3.8%; the per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents was 13,713 yuan, a nominal increase of 2.9%.
In general, in 2020, the national economy will recover steadily, and the effect of stabilizing employment and protecting the people will be significant. The decisive victory in the fight against poverty has been achieved. The 13th Five-Year Plan has come to a successful conclusion, and the victory of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way is in sight. At the same time, it should be noted that there are many uncertainties in the changes in the epidemic and the external environment, and the foundation for my country's economic recovery is not yet solid. In the next step, we must unswervingly deepen reform and opening up innovation, consolidate and expand the results of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, do a solid job of "six stability", fully implement the "six guarantees" task, scientifically and accurately implement macroeconomic policies, and strive to maintain economic operations Within a reasonable range, ensure that the "14th Five-Year Plan" has a good start and a good start.